Tiny Home Living and the Ontario Planning Act: Could this be a could housing option?
If you’ve ever dreamt of downsizing your living space and simplifying your life, you’re not alone. Tiny homes have been growing in popularity in recent years, and with good reason. These compact and self-sufficient dwellings offer a unique blend of affordability, sustainability, and independence.
The Ontario Planning Act
In 2019, the Planning Act in Ontario was updated to support the development of tiny homes and other alternative forms of housing. Municipalities across the province are now required to adopt official policies and pass zoning by-laws that allow for the construction of one additional residential unit in the primary residence (i.e., second units) and one in ancillary structures like tiny homes, garden suites, coach houses, or laneway suites. This change was aimed at increasing the supply of housing and creating more options for families.
So, what exactly is a tiny home?
In Ontario, a tiny home is defined as a small and private dwelling unit with living and dining areas, a sleeping area, kitchen and bathroom facilities, and intended for year-round use. Despite its small size, a tiny home must still adhere to the health and safety standards set by Ontario’s Building Code, municipal zoning, and other local by-laws. The size of a tiny home may vary from one municipality to another, but it cannot be smaller than the minimum size required by the Building Code, which is 17.5 m2 (188 ft2).
The pros and cons of a Tiny Home
Pros of a Tiny House in Ontario:
- Lower Cost: Tiny houses are significantly less expensive than traditional homes, both in terms of upfront cost and ongoing expenses like utilities and property taxes.
- Mobility: Tiny houses are designed to be mobile, which can make them an ideal option for people who prefer to live in different locations or want the flexibility to change their living arrangements.
- Minimalism: Tiny houses promote a minimalist lifestyle, which can be appealing to those who want to simplify their possessions and focus on experiences.
- Environmental Benefits: Tiny houses tend to be more energy-efficient and sustainable than traditional homes, which can reduce environmental impact.
Cons of a Tiny House in Ontario:
- Limited Space: Tiny houses offer significantly less living space than traditional homes, which can be challenging for families or those who have a lot of possessions.
- Building Codes and Zoning Regulations: Tiny houses may not meet building codes and zoning regulations in Ontario in all Municipalities, which can make it difficult to find a suitable place to park or build a tiny home.
- Challenges with Comfort: Tiny houses can also present challenges in terms of comfort, especially in harsh weather conditions, as they may not be well-insulated and may not have enough heating and cooling systems.
- Financing: Financing a tiny home can be challenging, as traditional mortgages may not be available for homes that are less than 400 square feet.
How to move forward when planning a Tiny Home Build?
If you’re considering adding a tiny home to your property, the first step is to reach out to your local municipal planning and building departments. They can inform you about the requirements and restrictions that apply to your property, such as zoning, building permits, parking, and connection to municipal services. It’s important to have these conversations before you start the building process, to ensure that your tiny home complies with all necessary regulations and standards.
In conclusion, tiny homes offer a unique opportunity for those who want to simplify their lives, reduce their environmental footprint, and live more affordably. With the updated Planning Act in Ontario, building a tiny home has become more accessible and streamlined. If you’re interested in learning more about tiny homes and how to build one, visit the provincial website at Ontario.ca/HousingInnovation.
Who knows, your dream of living in a tiny home might become a reality sooner than you think!
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